The agreement contains three basic regulations . First, in the future, drones must be designed so that they will not endanger people. In other words, depending on their design and purpose, they need equipment such as a landing automatics or a collision avoidance system. Second, the pilots will have obligations in the future. They must know all the rules that apply to them and be able to safely control their drones. Specifically, this could be associated with a license requirement depending on the type of drone. Thirdly, drone operators will in future need to be registered in national registers and their drones need to have identification plates. This rule will not apply to small drones.
These regulations must now be adopted by the EU ministers. Subsequently, the EU Commission is faced with the task of developing more detailed EU-wide regulations, such as defining which operators need to be trained and registered, and which drones must have additional security features.
The "Ordinance for the Regulation of the Operation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles," which already contains a number of the intended EU regulations has been in force in Germany since 2017. This also includes a mandatory driver's license, which the German drone pilots have been complying with only reluctantly , however. The EU believes that civilian drone technology could account for 10% of the EU aviation market over the next decade.